WHAT IS PENETRATION TESTING?
Penetration testing (pen-testing) is a systematic way to detect security vulnerabilities in an application by evaluating the system or network with various malicious techniques. It is obviously an ethical way of penetrating into a network or website, in order to bring problems to the surface with an intention to fix those. Such a service, also called as VAPT, uses same techniques as that of a real life evil hacker. The idea is to test all network layers, right from L2 to L7. The test can be intrusive or non-intrusive, depending upon the scope and depth, as well as data criticality. Companies are encouraged to look for pentest service providers who can do the vulnerability scanning in an agile and accurate way and provide a detailed technical report, which helps strengthen the cyber security.
WHAT IS TESTED IN A PEN TEST?
Internal corporate LAN/WAN environments are structured to allow users greater amounts of access with fewer security controls, and this is exactly where the situation becomes exploitable. Any network design flaw or network and server vulnerabilities can result into exploitable areas which is a target of hackers. Multiple surveys indicate that most of the large scale firms and almost all mid-scale firms lack in corporate level cyber security implementations to protect themselves. However it may not be enough with changing times, and hence needs to be periodically tested via a form pen-test to ensure continued cyber security.